EV & Grid Storage Solutions

Grid Market – Dynamic Containment

Carbon-Ion is pioneering a new approach to Firm Frequency Response or FFR. In the UK, the National Grid requires fast reacting energy storage solutions to keep the grid optimised at 50Hz. EV fast charging Bloomberg estimate that the world demand for lithium-ion batteries could reach 400GWh (Giga Watt hours) by 2025 as demand for electric vehicles grows. At the same time the mass roll-out of EVs will challenge national grid infrastructure. Our solution is to install energy storage at filling stations that allows buffering of the electrical grid. The buffered energy can be stored off-peak or at night when electricity is cheap. EVs can then be recharged from this stored energy, not directly from the grid. Governments have the potential to regulate the EV rechargers at the filling stations and apply the same tax currently applied to gasoline and diesel. This will allow continued funding of road infrastructure.  


Helping to make this scenario feasible is that the next generation of EVs, that will support Extreme Fast Charging (XFC). This allows charging stations to operate at megawatt rates of charge, according to TransportXtra—10 times faster than the current Tesla superchargers. At these rates, recharging an EV for a 300-mile (450 km) range is possible in just five minutes. Not only can Carbon-Ion’s C-Ion technology replace an EV’s lithium batteries to allow XFC; it can be integrated into the recharging stations that make bufering possible as well.

More than energy storage, Carbon-Ion offers energy management.  

Adding more renewables to the grid cause significant peaks and valleys to the demand curve. Adding fast reacting high power energy storage manages the curve.

Carbon-Ion reacts 100x faster than lithium-ion, providing firm frequency response (FFR) or Dynamic Containment to keep grid running smoothly. 

"Carbon-Ion cells never decay, no matter how long they are in place"